Presentation of the French Education System > The diplôme national du brevet
The diplôme national du brevet (DNB) tests the work learnt by the end of college (Middle Secondary School). The law of orientation of 2005 has given the brevet a new dimension as it has introduced the objective of mastering knowledge and skills of the foundation, a mark regarding behavior at school, and a grading system.
The DNB was preceded by the brevet d’études du premier cycle du second degree (BEPC,1947) and by the brevet des collèges (1980). Created by the decree of 23rd January 1987 and further modified by the decree of 22nd August 2005 and the decree of 10th May 2006, the DNB was confirmed as a test of the work learnt by the end of college by the decree of 29th May 1996.
The methods of , defined by the decree of 18th August 1999, have been further modified by the decree of 28th July 2005 since the 2006 session, and by the decree of 1st June 2006 since the 2007 session.
The decrees of 15th May 2007 introduce other modifications for the 2008 session.
2007 session: changes
As well as the modifications brought about for the 2006 session, the 2007 session comprises two changes
Taking into account the class marks obtained by students in Year 9 only,
Attributing a mark relating to school life with a coefficient of 1.
Since the 2006 session, grades are attributed and the teaching of professional discovery are taken into account.
To improve the students’ success rate and guarantee the evaluation of the new teaching in professional discovery
Grades will be allocated for marks of 12, 14 and 16. This arrangement is prior to the allocation of grants depending on results to students who receive grades of bien or très bien, as of the 2006 session.
The optional subject of professional discovery of 3 hours is taken into account like the other options (points above the average) and the module of professional discovery of 6 hours will be evaluated as continual assessment throughout the year.
Objectives, general organisation, methods of allocation of the diplôme national du brevet et épreuves
Objectives of the DNB
Issued by a jury, the brevet is a certificate which attests to the acquisition of general knowledge during collège.
As of the 2008 session, this certificate will attest to the master of skills and knowledge of the foundation during collège.
The brevet does not give access to a tertiary class at the end of Year 9: the two decisions, the issuing of the certificate and the orientation, are different. The decision of orientation takes into account specific skills and the student’s preferences for future studies; it is the result of discussions between the student, their family, and the teaching staff.
General organisation of the diplôme national du brevet
The candidates in Year 9 in public and private schools (under contract) are enrolled by the Principal.
The other candidates, whether at school or adults, who wish to enroll for the brevet must enroll at the examination department of the inspection académique in their area.
The subjects which relate to the Year 9 syllabus are decided on by the chief education officers.
The certificate, which is nationally recognised, is issued by a regional jury presided by the chief education officer, the director of regional services for the Department of Education.
Methods of allocation of the diplôme national du brevet et épreuves
The diplôme national du brevet covers three different types of schools: collège, technical and professional, thus allowing specificity for each different Year 9 syllabus.
For the students in public and private (under contract) schools
- A written exam comprising three tests, where the candidates reply anonymously:
- French (coefficient of 2)
- Mathematics (coefficient of 2)
- History-Geography-Civic Education (coefficient of 2)
- Total coefficients: 6
- Continuous assessment, during the whole of Year 9, therefore taking into account skills and knowledge in all subject areas
Total coefficients: 9, 10 or 11, depending on which type.
- All optional subjects where students receive an average mark higher than 10 out of 20 will be taken into account: latin, greek, foreign or regional language, or professional discovery of 3 hours.
From the 2008 session, the A2 level of foreign languages will be tested and the B2i will be taken into account.